|The beautiful thing about Craps is if the dice
are rolling in your favor you can quickly become more popular than a boy band. Crowds
start forming, people are hanging on your every roll and youre able to attract more
women than an Ikea catalog.
How did this glorified
game of dice become the Spring Break of casino games? We take a look.
The Hazardous Game of Craps
The exact history of Craps seems to be a little dicey (no pun intended) when attempting to
garner details. Although some feel it was born during the 1700s, others feel
its a direct descendant of the game called Hazard.
Hazard claimed to be invented by the Sir William Tyre and
his knights during the crusades in 1125 AD. However, the games name seems to come
from the Arabic word al zar which means the dice. This would imply
the crusaders could have taken the game from their Arabic enemies.
Regardless of its cultural origins, the game caught on
quickly in England as a game for higher classes and noblemen. When it eventually made its
way to France many believe the French changed the games name to Craps; using and
corrupting the name given to a losing throw of two in the game of Hazard - crabs.
That said, Craps didnt truly become Craps until 1813,
when Bernard de Mandeville from New Orleans changed some of the games rules. Prior
to Mandevilles meddling, Craps was viewed by some as needlessly complicated.
Mandeville simplified the game and made it more player friendly.
Unfortunately, there was one flaw that still held the game
from casino-wide inclusion, the dice. The dice could still be rigged, preventing many
American establishments from offering the game.
John H. Winn fixed the problem by giving players the
ability to bet 'right' or 'wrong' in the layout of the craps table, including a space for
'Don't Pass' bets. While Mandeville simplified the game of Craps, Winn revolutionized it,
eliminating the usefulness of fixed dice and making it possible for players to bet for or
against the roller.
Although it lost some of its widespread appeal in the 90s,
a decade where slot machines and Video Poker jumped to the forefront, Craps has made a
considerable comeback in the 21st century because of the online gaming revolution. You no
longer have to fly out to Vegas in order enjoy the game today, you can simply log into an
online casino and roll dice from the comfort of your own home.